Paper Grades and Uses
There are six major grades in paper: Printing and Writing
Paper, Industrial Paper, Packaging Paper, Household Paper,
Newsprint, and Specialty Grades.
and Writing Paper:
||This grade is normally used in the printing industry
and for information communications. Common known properties
include: art paper, machine finished paper, wood-free
printing and writing paper, newsprint, and bible paper
||Used for manufacturing corrugated container, paper boxes,
paper plates and cups, etc. Common known properties include:
Kraft board, corrugated medium, coated white board, chip
board and so forth.
||All grades of paper made especially for use in wrapping
and making up packages for bundling and shipping purposes.
Common known properties include: cellophane, wrapping
paper, Kraft sack paper, and so forth.
||Includes toilet paper, facial tissue, diaper,
paper towel, napkin, kitchen towel, and so forth.
||Includes computer crafting and photo finishing paper
such as carbonless copy paper, photocopying paper, continuous
computer forms, thermal paper (such as fax paper), and
||Made for specialty use such as Mian paper (or Chinese
tissue taper), Shium paper (or Chinese drawing and printing
paper), greaseproof paper, bank note paper, moisture proof
paper, anti-tarnish paper, flame retardant paper, and
Art paper, Wood free printing and writing paper, Simili paper,
Bond paper, Mechanical printing paper, Wood free drawing paper,
Poster paper, Manifold paper, Bible paper, M.G. Sulfite paper,
Cigarette paper, Glassine paper, Newsprint paper etc.
and Writing Paper
||Coated Paper - Paper with an outer layer of coating
applied to one of both sides. Our coated papers are coated
first on-machine then a second coating through calendaring.
||Super Art Paper (A0): Highest grade of art paper
with double or triple coating. Coat weight of 25g/m2
per side, with gloss level over 80%, surface feels
smooth and shiny, superb printing quality, suitable
for high-quality picture books, product catalogues,
and refined printing products.
||Quality Art Paper (A1): Graded according to Japanese
classification. High quality art paper with 20g/m2
coat weight per side, smooth surface, suitable for
fine printing - Our products in this category includes:
White tone art paper and Crystal diamond super art
||Art Paper (A2): Graded according to Japanese classification.
One side or two-side coated art paper with over
10g/m2 coat weight per side. Currently the most
commonly used grade for commercial publications,
advertising, printing materials. Our products in
this category includes: One-side and Both-side coated
||Machine finished coated paper (A3): Graded according
to Japanese classification. Coat weight of 7-10
g/m2 per side. Our products in this category includes:
Machine finished coated paper and Ivory machine
finished coated paper.
||Dull Finished Art Paper: Use blade coater and
soft-nip calendering, with 20 to 40% gloss level.
High gloss finishing after print. Our product in
this category includes: Matte Finish Art Paper.
||Matte Finished Art Paper Use blade coater and
soft-nip calendering, with gloss level below 20%.
Paper surface is soft, smooth, and friendlier to
||Lightweight coated paper: Coated in off-machine
coater and supercalendered. Improved paper surface
uniformity, smoothness, and blister resistance.
||Publishing Paper: On-machine coated printing paper.
Suitable for color printing or toning with low grid
number or single color printing. Our products in
this category includes: Wood-free printing and writing
paper, Ivory wood-free printing and writing paper.
||Magazine Paper: This lightweight coated paper
is currently a popular use for magazines. Our products
in this category includes: Magazine paper and Matte
finished magazine paper.
||Wood-free Paper - This type of printing paper is made
from chemical pulp. Most commonly used for commercial
publishing and printing. Our product includes: wood-free
printing and writing paper, ivory wood-free printing and
writing paper, and blue-white wood-free printing and writing
||Simili Paper- This type of printing paper is made out
of both chemical and mechanical pulp. Lesser in quality
compared to wood-free paper. Tends to be yellow in color
tone, high burst, tensile strength and tear resistance,
more cost economical, and very commonly used.
||Laminated Paper - A type of wood-free paper. High burst,
tear resistance strength, rough surface, water resistance.
Our products includes: Laminated Paper and Laminated
||Mechanical Printing Paper - Specially used for printing
books. Its earthly color tone is soft to vision. Characteristics
similar to Simili Paper.
||Wood-free drawing paper - Ivory color tone, soft to
vision, high burst strength and tear resistance, strong
wet strength and water absorbency.
||Security Paper - Also call Safety Paper. For items that
need strong folding endurance such as checks, bonds and
securities, passports, currency paper, identity cards,
diplomas, postage stamps, tickets, shop vouchers, etc.
||Poster Paper - Lightweight M.G. paper. Uses for Posters,
||Manifold Paper - High quality, light weight typing paper.
Copy paper. Suitable for business forms and airmail correspondence.
||Bible Paper - High titanium dioxide content. Thin white
opaque heavily load, used for printing bibles and dictionary.
||M.G. Sulfite Paper - Used for packaging or wrapping
of delicate goods or for writing purposes. Extremely glossy
on one side with sturdy paper quality.
||Cigarette Paper- High kaolin content, reducing the amount
of oxygen entering the cigarette, thus, slows the burning
||Glassine Paper - Its transparency results from extended
refining, traditionally of sulfite chemical pulp, followed
by heavy superdalendering. Used in packaging, photo album,
stamp book separator etc.
||Newsprint paper - Paper manufactured mostly from mechanical
pulps specifically for the printing of newspaper. Brightness
above 55% GE.
Consumer sanitary products including facial tissue, paper napkin,
toilet tissue paper, kitchen towel, and so forth.
||Facial Tissue - Mostly made of bleached sulfite or sulfate
chemical pulp and sometimes mixed with bleached mechanical
pulp on a single-cylinder or fourdrinier machine. Desired
characteristics are softness, strength, and freedom from
||Paper Napkin - 100% virgin chemical pulp or mixed with
virgin mechanical pulp
||Kitchen Paper Towel - Bleached chemical pulp with high
water absorbency. It is a substitution for regular kitchen
||Tissue Paper - Soft and water absorbent. Comes in various
patterns and packaging such as in rolls or sheets.
||Sanitary Pads - Since it's generally used against the
skin, lead guard, water absorbency, softness and purity
are some of the desirable characteristics.
|Cheng Loong's household product
line is distributed under the brand name "Andante,"
which includes facial tissue, toilet paper, paper towel
and kitchen towel.
||Kraft Linerboard - Kraft cardboard is mainly used for
the production of the outer or non-fluted layer of the
corrugated cardboard. The top liner is often made from
unbleached sulfate pulp. The middle, back liner can be
made from recycled paper. Our Kraft Liner Board has strong
tensile strength, compression resistance and a smoother
surface for enhanced printability.
||Corrugated Medium - Corrugated Medium is mainly manufactured
from semi-chemical pulp and is used to form the inner
layer of corrugated board. Cheng Loong has two mills producing
corrugated medium - Ta-Yuan and Hou-Li plants. The medium
has strong compression resistance, formability, and bonding
||Wrapping Paper - Wrapping paper can be cement paper
bag, interleaving tissue, Kraft papers, or laminated Kraft
||Coated White Board - Coated white board refers to single
or double sided bleached pulp with coating treatment.
Filler made out of recycled paper pulp. Our Hou-Li Plant
produces one side coated white board. It is characterized
by brightness, resistance to crush, and superior printing
||White Board - Single or double sided bleached pulp without
coating treatment. Filler made out of recycled paper pulp.
||Chip Board - Consists of a single ply of waste paper.
Currently in production in our Hsin-Chu plant.
||Base Paper for asphalt roofing - Made out of wood pulp,
recycled pulp, rags, and wool materials. It is made into
a soft and strong base paper.
1. No Carbon Required Paper (Carbonless Paper)
Specialty Paper - Information Technology Paper
A paper that uses a chemical reaction between two different
contacting coatings to transfer image when pressure is applied.
Its uses include multipart business forms, continuous stationery,
and credit card slips.
2. Thermal Paper
Lightweight paper with a one-sided application of heat sensitive
coating, used for facsimiles, computer printouts and medical
3. Ink Jet Printing Paper
The ink is directly sprayed onto the paper surface. Its fine
porosity characteristics and the precise water absorbency will
affect its printing result.
3. Plain Paper Copy
The paper has been treated with chemical solution to make its
surface reactive to light, chemicals or gases. Included in this
group are various copy and photographic papers.
4. Diazo Paper
Smooth, sized paper manufactured from bleached chemical pulp
having high tear and folding strength. Suitable papers for diazotype
coating also must be chemically inert and free from metallic
ions that could adversely affect the photochemical process.
5. Electrostatic Recording Paper
For the use of photocopiers, ink jet, laser printers and other
similar printing methods that create images using electrostatic
charges rather than a printing plate
6. Optical Character Recognition Reader Paper
OCR reader uses a scanner to detect the amount of light reflected
from the character and the amount of light reflected from the
background. A photocell column detects the presence of the dark
area of a character. Since these types of paper is for the use
of reading optical characters and marks, it is essential for
the paper surface to be clean, smooth, durable to friction etc.
7. Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) Paper
Characters are printed with toner containing iron oxide, because
it is capable of being magnetized. The magnetized characters
then pass under a magnetic read head. Therefore the paper must
be coated with chemical so the MICR readers can read the characters
magnetically. Used extensively in banking because magnetic-ink
characters are difficult to forge and are therefore ideal for
marking and identifying cheques.